AbstractPrevious research has noted a relationship between pride and well-being with disparate relations between authentic and hubristic pride (Carver et al., 2010; Tracy & Robins, 2007). Differences between genders in the extent to which pride is endorsed have also been reported (Bureau et al., 2012; Carver et al., 2010; Orth et al., Tracy & Robins, 2007). However, research into these relationships has failed to consider domain specific experiences of pride as well as multi-dimensional conceptualizations of well-being spanning both hedonic and eudaimonic components. The aim of the present study was to explore whether gender differentially moderated the relationship between fitness-related pride and well-being. Three-hundred and sixty-four young adults completed online questionnaires pertaining to fitness-related pride (Castonguay et al., Under Review), hedonic (The Satisfaction with Life Scale; Diener et al., 1985), and eudaimonic well-being (The Flourishing Scale; Diener et al., 2010). Consistent with previous literature (Bureau et al., 2012; Carver et al., 2010; Orth et al., 2010; Tracy & Robins, 2007), males experienced hubristic pride to a greater extent than females. To test whether the relationship between pride and well-being was dependent on gender, a series of moderation analyses were conducted. Gender was a significant moderator of the relationship between authentic (R2adj. = .14) and hubristic pride (R2adj. = .19) and satisfaction with life. Gender also moderated the relationship between authentic (R2adj. = .06) and hubristic pride (R2adj. = .07) and flourishing. The interaction terms explained an additional 22.00 - 44.25% of the variance in well-being above the independent effects. The results of the current study support that assessments of both authentic and hubristic pride are associated with well-being and that these feelings are a predictor of well-being for males only. Future research may wish to examine whether pride associated with one’s appearance contributes to well-being outcomes differentially between genders.
Acknowledgments: Support for this research was provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada